The terms "bull market" and "bear market" are used to describe the overall trend of the securities market.
Bull market: A bull market is a phase when stock prices are rising and investors are optimistic about the market. This happens when the economy is doing well, businesses are growing quickly, there is a good demand for their products and services, and they can make good profits. This leads to higher stock prices and more money for investors.
Bear market: A bear market is a phase when stock prices are falling and investors have a negative outlook. This can happen because the economy is weak, there is a recession, geopolitical tension, or natural disasters etc.